Total Gross Merchandise Volume (GMV) includes both sales from the marketplace, and direct online sales.
Last reported quarter 2017 Q2 it was ¬•98.20 billion, up by 57% from ¬•62.50 billion the same quarter a year before.
Since 2015 it increased by 37%, from ¬•200.90 billion to ¬•275.80 billion in 2016.
Local currency used, not US$.
Source: JD.com Quarterly Results.